Just what does it take for a grape to become wine that lives up to Napa Valley’s reputation for quality? Follow the story below to understand the life cycle of the grape from vine to wine.
More wine grape varieties grow in Napa Valley than in any other region of comparable size in California. As a result, our winter pruning season takes place over an extended period of time. Pruning is a highly skilled vineyard practice. The purpose is to guide the vine in certain directions and for particular purposes. In Napa Valley, much of this work is done by vineyard workers who are year-round employees. Here’s one example of the precision with which winter pruning decisions in Napa Valley are made: some vintners may prune their Merlot vines a full two weeks later [...]
As with anything agriculture, the timeline below is a general reference as to when certain grape varieties are picked in the Napa Valley. There are many factors that determine when the grapes are harvested: the grape variety itself; where in the Napa Valley the vineyard is situated; the influence of microclimates throughout the valley (fog, San Pablo Bay influence, hillside vs. valley floor, aspect and exposure, etc.); winemaking styles; soil types (looser, gravelly soils tend to ripen grapes early; heavier, clay soil, later); and in the end, how Mother Nature plays her cards. Harvest can stretch from late July and into November. There are overlaps and sometimes block by block picking, but below will give you a general sense of what comes in when and why.
Grapes for sparkling wine are usually the first to be picked, heralding [...]
The Napa Valley is home to more than 500 wineries and countless wine experiences. So we have gathered some of our more unique tours and experiences that you won’t want to miss. Ride through the valley on a vintage railcar, explore deep into a 107 room castle, sip bubbles with caviar or explore modern art paired perfectly with wines.
Unless otherwise stated, reservations are required for these unique experiences.
Cave Tour & Barrel Tasting at Rutherford Hill Explore the property and go deep into the caves to sample wines along the way and end with a tasting right out of the barrel.
Wine & Art Exploration Tour at HALL Wines Taste through HALL wines and tour the property that [...]
Of all the towns that dot the Napa Valley, Calistoga has the most laid-back vibe. It’s at the northernmost end of the valley, the farthest from the hustle of the Bay Area. It’s got a wealth of good food and wine, so there’s no need to travel far. But probably the biggest reason for the town’s reputation for relaxation is the centuries-old geothermal activity that makes it the valley’s spa headquarters.The native Wappo people were the first to discover this area’s natural hot springs and use them for healing. They called the place Nilektsonoma (“Chicken Hawk Place”) and built several villages here before the Mexican government divided it into rancheros in the mid-1800s. Soon after that, entrepreneur-publisher Samuel Brannan purchased more than 2,000 acres and built a hot springs resort around Mt. Lincoln on the site of what is now Indian Springs Resort. It’s been a spa destination ever since, [...]
FROM THE NAPA RIVER WETLANDS TO CALISTOGA’S HOT SPRINGS
Beginning in historic Vallejo’s Ferry Terminal (thus linking with the greater Bay Area), the Vine Trail will continue north for 47 miles, through the world-renowned vineyards and towns of Napa Valley, to its northern gateway in Calistoga at the Oat Hill Mine Trail (Hwy29/ Silverado Trail) at the foot of Mount St. Helena.
The Napa Valley is world-famous, above all, for its vineyards and their appellations. To reflect this unique sense of place, we have organized the Vine Trail route into 10 SECTIONS:, each named for the city or vineyard AVA (American Viticultural Area) the trail passes through. From north to south, these are: Calistoga, St. Helena, Rutherford, Oakville, Yountville, Oak Knoll District, City of Napa, Vista Carneros, American Canyon, and Vallejo. The 47-mile Vine Trail route has been mapped and its ten sections are in various [...]
Although Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay are the most widely planted, the Napa Valley holds many surprises for wine lovers looking for varieties off the beaten path. From Albarino to Zinfandel, more than three dozen different wine grape varieties flourish in the Napa Valley. Below is a description of those that are the most widely planted:
Cabernet Sauvignon is the acknowledged king of red grapes in Napa Valley, accounting for 40% of our total production and 55% of our crop value. This vine is grown throughout Napa Valley and achieves a variety of expression depending on its vineyard site. Its flavors display a wide variety of black fruits, including currant, cherry and plum, and often show notes of spice from oak aging.
On the palate these wines can be dense and powerful in youth but age gracefully. When young they are best matched with robust red meat dishes [...]